The Arctic and Denmark

The Kingdom of Denmark is centrally located in the Arctic and Denmark has many reasons to have good relations with other countries about the Arctic, including on security and climate policy.

Denmark has a strong interest in the Arctic and cooperation amongst it. The Arctic remains one of Denmark’s foreign policy strategies that include multilateralism, good relations with NATO and EU allies and business engagement with other countries. 

The goal of Denmark’s presence as an Arctic state is to help strengthen Western institutions such as NATO while gaining international influence. 

Before 2007, Danish Arctic policy centered on Denmark’s bilateral relationship with Greenland. It was not until 2011 that the Arctic became a central point of Danish foreign policy through the publication of the 2011 Arctic Strategy. 

Denmark was an initiator in the 2008 Ilulissat meeting. The Ilulissat Declaration was announced on 28 May 2008 at the meeting of the Arctic coastal states in Ilulissat, Greenland. The goal of this meeting was to discuss the issues surrounding the Arctic, including climate change and maritime safety. In this agreement, the states agreed to follow international law and regional cooperation in institutions such as the Arctic Council.

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