Which countries are net contributors to the EU budget?

The Commission’s list of net contributions is based on a method which uses the individual countries’ contributions in the form of own resources, such as VAT and GNI, as the basis for the calculations.

The table shows Member States' net contributions to the EU’s annual budget for the period from 2006 to 2014. The list has been compiled by the Commission, and it should be noted that the list of which countries are net contributors or net beneficiaries can be calculated differently with other amounts as the result.

The Commission’s list of net contributions is based on a method which uses the individual countries’ contributions in the form of own resources, such as VAT and GNI, as the basis for the calculations. Agricultural levies and customs duties are not included as contributions because they are not regarded as country-specific contributions. Administration costs are not included in the list on the expenditure side.

First, the extent of the individual country’s contribution of VAT and GNP as a percentage share of the total contribution of VAT and GNI is calculated. The resulting percentage is used to calculate the amount the Member State should receive from the EU if there were to be a balance between payments and receipts between the Member State and the EU. If, for example, a country’s contribution amounts to 7% of the total contributions, the country should also receive an amount which corresponds to 7% of the EU’s total payments. The net contribution is then calculated by looking at the amount the country actually receives from the EU, from which is deducted the amount the Member State should receive according to the above. Finally, the individual country’s contribution to the financing of the British rebate is also deducted.

It should be noted that if the figure that results from the above calculation is negative, it means that the country has received relatively fewer payments from the EU than it should and is therefore, according to the above model, a net contributor to the EU’s budget.

Net contributions in EUR millions

 (Negative amounts mean that, according to the Commission’s calculations, the country has paid more towards the EU’s budget than it should if there were to be a balance between the share of payments and share of receipts between the EU and the Member State.) 

  

Member State
(mill. euro, % GNI)
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 
Belgium -709,9 -868,2 -720,6 -1.663,9 -1.466,4 -1.369,5 -1.493,7 -1.541,1  -1.478,1
% GNI -0,22 -0,26 -0,21 -0,49 -0,41 -0,36 -0,39 -0,40 -0,37 
Denmark -505-2 -604,4 -543,2 -969,5 -615,3 -836,6 -1.126,0 -1.277,1 -836,0 
% GNI -0,23 -0,26 -0,23 -0,43 -0,26 -0,34 -0,45 -0,49 -0,32 
Germany -6.325,2 -7.415,2 -8.774,3 -6.357,5 -9.223,6 -9.002,5 -11.953,8 -13.824,8 -15.501,6 
% GNI -0,27 -0,30 -0,35 -0,26 -0,36 -0,34 -0,44 -0,49 -0,52 
Ireland 1.080,5 662,1 566,1 -47,5 803,9 383,8 670,6 279,1 38,8 
% GNI 0,70 0,40 0,36 -0,04 0,64 0,31 0,50 0,20 0,02 
Greece 5.102,3 5.437,2 6.279,7 3.121,0 3.597,4 4.622,6 4.544,9 5.340,7 5.162,6 
% GNI 2,47 2,47 2,74 1,37 1,61 2,22 2,33 2,94 2,89 
Spain 3.811,7 3.651,8 2.813,2 1.181,7 4.100,9 2.995,0 3.999,0 3.058,3 1.090,6 
% GNI 0,39 0,35 0,27 0,11 0,39 0,29 0,39 0,30 0,10 
France -3.012,5 -2.997,3 -3.842,7 -5.872,7 -5.534,8 -6.405,8 -8.297,5 -8.445,7 -7.164,6 
% GNI -0,17 -0,16 -0,20 -0,31 -0,28 -0,31 -0,40 -0,40 -0,33 
Italy -1.731,8 -2.013,5 -4.101,4 -5.058,5 -4.534,0 -5.933 -5.058,1 -3.790,9 -4.467,0 
% GNI -0,12 -0,13 -0,27 -0,34 -0,30 -0,38 -0,33 -0,24 -0,28 
Luxembourg -60,2 -139,8 -22,1 -100,2 -41,9 -75,0 -79,5 -69,4 80,1 
% GNI -0,23 -0,46 -0,07 -0,37 -0,14 -0,24 -0,25 -0,22 0,27 
The Netherlands -2.587,6 -2.864,3 -2.678,2 11,7 -1.833,1 -2.214,0 -2.364,5 -2.675,1 -4.711,1 
% GNI -0,47 -0,49 -0,46 0,02 -0,31 -0,36 -0,39 -0,45 -0,71 
Austria -301,5 -563,2 -356,4 -402,1 -677,0 -805,1 -0.073,3 -1.251,7 -1.240,6 
% GNI -0,12 -0,21 -0,13 -0,15 -0,24 -0,27 -0,35 -0,40 -0,38 
Portugal 2.291,7 2.474,4 2.695,1 2.150,7 2.622,6 2.983,7 5.027,7 4.416,7 3.211,3 
% GNI 1,47 1,51 1,63 1,33 1,57 1,81 3,12 2,72 1,88 
Finland -241,0 -171,6 -318,5 -544,2 -300,2 -652,1 -658,8 -604,0 -809,0 
% GNI -0,14 -0,10 -0,17 -0,31 -0,16 -0,34 -0,34 -0,31  -0,40
Sweden -856,6 -994,8 -1.463,1 -85,6 -1.211,4 -1.325,4 -1.925,1 -2.220,7 -2.312,7 
% GNI -0,27 -0,29 -0,42 -0,03 -0,34 -0,33 -0,46 -0,51 -0,52 
United Kingdom -2.140,2 -4.155,3 -844,3 -1.903,3 -5.625,9 -5.565,6 -7.366,1 -8.641,7 -4.929,8 
% GNI -0,11 -0,20 -0,05 -0,12 -0,33 -0,32 -0,39 -0,46 -0,23 
Czech Republic 386,2 656,7 1.178,0 1.702,5 2.079,3 1.455,2 3.045,2 3.401,1 3.004,2 
% GNI 0,36 0,55 0,83 1,32 1,53 1,01 2,14 2,44  2,08
Estonia 176,4 226,2 227,4 573,0 672,7 350,4 785,3 771,4 473,8 
% GNI ,139 1,54 1,49 4,23 4,86 2,31 4,84 4,33 2,49 
Cyprus 102,4 -10,5 -17,7 -2,3 10,6 6,9 -25,2 40,4 114,8 
% GNI 0,73 -0,07 -0,11 -0,01 0,06 0,04 -0,15 0,25 0,69 
Latvia 255,5 488,8 407,0 501,5 674,2 731,3 955,9 801,2 799,8 
% GNI 1,64 2,39 1,78 2,51 3,67 3,62 4,29 3,44 3,46 
Lithuania 585,3 793,2 842,6 1.493,3 1.358,4 1.368,0 1.514,0 1.514,5 1.543,2 
% GNI 2,50 2,89 2,70 5,53 5,03 4,63 4,82 4,54 4,38 
Hungary 1.115,0 1.605,9 1.111,7 2.719,4 2.748,4 4.418,3 3.280,4 4.654,5 5.681,6 
% GNI 1,31 1,71 1,12 3,08 2,94 4,67 3,59 5,33 5,64 
Malta 101,0 28,1 30,0 8,6 52,9 67,0 71,4 88,0 179,4 
% GNI 2,07 0,54 0,53 0,16 0,91 1,15 1,14 1,31 2,35 
Polen 2.997,6 5.136,4 4.441,7 6.337,1 8.427,5 10975,1 11.997,2 12.237,1 13.748,0 
% GNI 1,13 1,71 1,25 2,12 2,47 3,10 3,30 3,29 3,47 
Slovenia 142,8 88,6 113,8 241,9 424,1 490,1 572,2 429,2 794,4 
% GNI 0,47 0,26 0,31 0,70 1,19 1,40 1,63 1,22 2,17 
Slovakia 323,2 617,8 725,6 542,1 1.349,6 1.160,6 1.597,0 1.287,4 1.010,1 
% GNI 0,75 1,16 1,15 0,87 2,07 1,71 2,28 1,83 1,37 
Bulgaria 335,1 669,6 624,2 895,5 725,4 1.329,7 1.529,0 1.824,3 
% GNI 1,17 1,98 1,83 2,55 1,94 3,43 3,91 4,45 
Romania 595,8 1.581,0 1.692,5 1.245,2 1.451,5 2.031,6 4.142,8 4.519,9 
% GNI 0,50 1,16 1,46 1,03 1,08 1,56 2,99 3,09 
Croatia 49,6 173,6 
% GNI 0,12  0,42
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