Which countries are members of the EU and when did they become members?

The EU currently consists of the twenty-eight Member States.

The year in which they became Member States is shown to the right. 

EU Member States

FederalRepublicofGermany,France,Italy,Belgium, theNetherlandsandLuxembourg

1952

Denmark,Irelandand theUnited Kingdom

1973

Greece

1981

Spain andPortugal

1986

Austria,FinlandandSweden

1995

The Czech Republic, Estonia, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Slovenia and Slovakia

2004

Bulgaria and Romania

2007

Croatia

2013

Accession negotiations with Turkey were opened in October 2005, with Iceland in 2010 and with Montenegro in 2012. Furthermore, Macedonia (FYROM) and Serbia have applied for membership.

‘The forgotten enlargement’

When East andWest Germanywere reunited with effect from 3October 1990, the formerEast Germanybecame part of the EC sinceWest Germanywas already aMemberStateof the EC. This is also referred to as the ‘forgotten enlargement’, since in effect it brought around 20 million new citizens into the EU.

 
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