Denmark and EU
Denmark has been a member of the EU since 1973.
In 1961, Denmark applied to become a member the European Community (EC) together with Great Britain and Ireland. The French president at the time, Charles de Gaulle, however, vetoed British membership. As Denmark did not want to enter the EC without Britain, it decided to focus on Northern economic cooperation instead and withdrew its application.
In 1970, Denmark focused on the EC again and re-applied for membership. The Danish Parliament, the Folketing, largely supported the accession plans and on 2 October 1972, Denmark held a public referendum where 63.3% of the Danes voted in favour for Denmark's accession to the EC. The result was somewhat surprising because the Norwegians had just shortly before voted against EC-membership and many political commentators expected the same result for Denmark.
On 1 January 1973, Denmark as the first Nordic country entered the EC together with Ireland and Great Britain. Greenland joined the EC together with Denmark, whereas the Faroe Islands decided to stay outside the Community. In 1985, Greenland left the EC after a public referendum but it is one of the so-called Overseas Countries and Territories enjoying association agreements with the EU.